Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
When you reach senior belt you are expected to guide the junior belts when they are beginning Taekwondo such as showing by example. To advance from one rank to the next, students typically complete promotion tests in which they demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art before a panel of judges or their teacher. View Taekwondo belt levels »
Taekwondo competition provides an opportunity for students to display their understanding of Taekwondo self-defense applications and the ability to put together their own team choreography.
Taekwondo self-defense is known as hosinsool ( 호신술 ) and it forms one of the four main principles of the art. The self-defense applications would be difficult to score in sparring as they are designed primarily to cause injury or quickly incapacitate an adversary.
In competition, self-defense techniques take the format of a demonstration event, much like poomse 품새 . One person is usually designated the part of the Taekwondo practitioner, while several team mates take the role of common street aggressors who attack from various angles with punches, kicks and grabs common to street brawlers. Weapons may also be used, as Taekwondo has specific techniques for dealing with armed adversaries.
Taekwondo self-defense competition provides an opportunity for students to display their understanding of Taekwondo self-defense applications and the ability to put together their own team choreography. Self-defense routines are often performed as displays for the public, in which case there are no judges present. Many Taekwondo clubs include self-defense in their daily routine in both WTF and ITF.
There are two main concepts in Taekwondo self-defense. For real life combat situations, an experienced Taekwondo practitioner is versed in the following:
- Linear (or hard) techniques
- Circular (or soft) techniques
These include mostly punching, kicking, headbutts and other striking maneuvers. Force is countered with force and all limbs are involved in stopping an adversary. Taekwondo kicks have a wide reach that keeps the adversary at a distance. With proper execution opponents may be incapacitated with a single blow, which lessens the number of attacks in encounters with multiple people.
These emphasize redirection and manipulation rather than strength. The adversary can be manipulated into a position whereby a lock, stranglehold and/or finishing move can be applied. Grappling techniques are used both as a means of securing an adversary and escaping from an adversary's grip. Soft self-defense techniques like the stranglehold or joint lock can be used to subdue the attacker, avoiding dealing permanent injury.
Kkeokgi (꺾기) Snapping
Nulleo-kkeokgi (눌러꺾기) Pressing and Snapping
- Mureup-nulleo-kkeokgi / 무릎 눌러꺾기 / Knee Pressing and Snapping
- Palgup-nulleo-kkeokgi / 팔굽 눌러꺾기 / Elbow Pressing and Snapping
Biteureo-kkeokgi (비틀어꺾기) Twisting and Snapping
- Sonmok-biteureo-kkeokgi / 손목 비틀어꺾기 / Wrist Joint Twist & Snapping
- Palgup-biteureo-kkeokgi / 팔굽 비틀어꺾기 / Elbow Twist & Snapping
Ppaegi (빼기) Pulling out
Nulleo-ppaegi (눌러빼기) Pressing and Pulling
Teureo-ppaegi (틀어빼기) Turning and Pulling
- Araero (teulleo) ppaegi / 아래로 (틀어)빼기 / Downward (Turning and) Pulling
- Wiro (teulleo) ppaegi / 위로 (틀어)빼기 / Upward (Turning and) Pulling
Hwidulleo-ppaegi (휘둘러빼기) Swing and Pulling
Japgi (잡기) Grabbing
Pihagi (피하기) Evading or Dodging
- Biteureo-pihagi (비틀어피하기) Twisting Evasive Technique
- Sugyeo-pihagi (숙여피하기) Ducking Evasive Technique
- Jeocheo-pihagi (젖혀피하기) Back Leaning Evasive Technique
- Teureo-pihagi (틀어피하기) Turning Evasive Technique
Self Defense ( 호신술 hosinsool )
Question. What is the korean terminology for Low Block?
This is one of the most basic Taekwondo blocks and one of the first things a beginner will learn. The lead forearm is bent and raised to shoulder height, snapping the arm straight down with the palm facing the ground, which blocks any incoming low kicks or low strikes.
Question. What is the korean terminology for Front Stance?
Front stance is used when mobility is important. It is also a precursor of the fighting stance according to some authors. Body should be relaxed. From the attention stance with feet together, one foot is placed straight ahead of the other. Some style teaches to step side way slightly. The distance between the inside edges of both feet should be between one to two fists apart and is about 4 to 4 one-half foot-length from origin.
Risk of injury can be reduced by completing an effective warm up consisting of a heart raiser to get your pulse up, followed by sport specific dynamic stretches (stretches whilst moving). Please follow the guidance of a certified Master Instructor or trainer when doing sports related activities. Depending on the intensity of the exercise, cooling down can involve a slow jog or walk, or with lower intensities, stretching can be used. Cooling down allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate. View more information on Warming Up and Cooling Down ».
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Warming Up" and "Cooling Down", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "List of Taekwondo Techniques Self Defense", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.