Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
Taekwondo is known for its emphasis on high kicking and fast hand techniques, which distinguishes it from other popular martial arts and combat sports such as karate. However, the World Taekwondo (WT) believes that because the leg is the longest and strongest limb a martial artist has, kicks thus have the greatest potential to execute powerful strikes without successful retaliation.
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Poomse is the foundation for the teaching of Taekwondo. A poomse, or form, is a detailed pattern of defense-and-attack motions and techniques used in traditional martial arts. Poomse is useful in developing proper kinetics, mental and physical fortitude.
Each dan (degree of black belt) also has its own associated pattern that is required for black belt testing. The forms have a higher degree of difficulty in taekwondo techniques.
Promotion from one dan to the next can take years. The general rule is that a black belt may advance from one rank to the next only after the number of years equivalent to the current rank. For example, a newly promoted third-degree black belt may not be allowed to advance to fourth-degree until three years have passed. Some organizations also have age requirements related to dan promotions, and may grant younger students poom 품 (junior black belt) ranks rather than dan ranks until they reach a certain age. For more information View Dan 단 ( Black Belt Degree) »
Black Belt Ranks
Black belt ranks may have titles associated with them, such as "master" and "instructor", but taekwondo organizations vary widely in rules and standards when it comes to ranks and titles. What holds true in one organization may not hold true in another, as is the case in many martial art systems. For example, achieving first dan ranking with three years' training might be typical in one organization, but considered too quick in another organization, and likewise for other ranks. Similarly, the title for a given dan rank in one organization might not be the same as the title for that dan rank in another organization.
In the World Taekwondo (WT), students holding 1st - 3rd dan are considered an Instructor, but generally have much to learn. Students who hold a 4th - 6th dan are considered Masters and must be at least 18 years old. Masters who hold a 7th - 9th dan are considered a Grandmaster. This rank also holds an age requirement of 40+ (age requirement for this belt is not 100% certain). For more information View Grandmasters ( 관장님 gwanjangnim ) »
World Taekwondo (WT) Black Belt Forms
Koryo 품새 고려 ( 1st Dan Poomse )
Koryo, or Goryeo, is the name of an old Korean Dynasty. The people from the Goryeo defeated the Mongolian aggressors. It is intended that their spirit is reflected in the movements of the poomse Koryo. Each movement of this poomse represents the strength and energy needed to control the Mongols. The line of direction is the shape of the Hanja for a "Scholar", learned man.
Keumgang 품새 금강 ( 2nd Dan Poomse )
Keumgang means "diamond," symbolizing hardness. Keumgang is also the name of the most beautiful mountain in Korea, as well as the Keumgang warrior, named by Buddha. Thus, the themes of hardness, beauty, and pondering permeate this poomse.
Taebaek 품새 태백 ( 3rd Dan Poomse )
The legendary Dangun founded a nation in Taebaek, near Korea's biggest mountain Baekdoo. Baekdoo is a known symbol for Korea. The definition of the word taebaek is literally "lightness". Every movement in this poomse is intended to be not only be exact and fast, but with determination and hardness resembling the mountain Baekdoo, the origin of the nation of Korea.
Pyongwon 품새 평원 ( 4th Dan Poomse )
The definition of Pyongwon is "stretch, vast plain." The name carries with it a connotation of being large and majestic. It is the source of life for all the creatures and the field where human beings live their life. The poomse Pyongwon was based on the idea of peace and struggle resulting from the principles of origin and use.
Sipjin 품새 십진 ( 5th Dan Poomse )
Sipjin stands for ten symbols of longevity, which are Sun, Moon, Mountain, Water, Stone, Pine tree, Herb of eternal youth, Turtle, Deer, and Crane. This poomse represents the endless development and growth by the basic idea of the ten symbols of longevity and the decimal system.
Jitae 품새 지태 ( 6th Dan Poomse )
This poomse is derived from the meaning of the earth. All things evolve from and return to the earth, the earth is the beginning and the end of life, as reelected through the Yin and Yang.
Cheonkwon ( 7th Dan Poomse )
Cheonkwon literally means 'sky'. In the poomse, the sky symbolizes the ruler of the universe. According to belief, it is mysterious, infinite and profound. The motions of Cheonkwon are full of piety, vitality and reverence.
Hansu ( 8th Dan Poomse )
This poomse is derived from the fluidity of water which easily adapts within nature. The symbol of the water repeats itself many times throughout all poomse, hyeongs, and in martial arts in general.
Ilyo ( 9th Dan Poomse )
The state of spiritual cultivation in Buddhism is called 'Ilyo' which means 'oneness'. In Ilyo, body and mind, spirit and substance, "I" and "you" are unified. The ultimate ideal of the martial art and poomse can be found in this state. It is a discipline in which every movement is concentrated on leaving all materialistics thoughts, obsessions and external influences behind.
Question. What is the korean terminology for High Block?
A high block deflects a downward strike such as a hammer fist, a stick or a face punch from a taller opponent. The blocking arm starts low with the hand in a relaxed fist across the abdomen(over the belt) with the palm facing upward.
Question. What is the korean terminology for Palm Heel Pressing Block?
A standard block used to deflect incoming kicks and punches. Open the hand and use the "bottom of the palm" to block the trunk area. The bottom of the palm is called batangson ( 바탕손 ). The open hand is raised up to shoulder height and thrust directly down to meet the attackers hand or limb.
Promotion from one dan to the next can take years. The general rule is that a black belt may advance from one rank to the next only after the number of years equivalent to the current rank. For example, a newly promoted third-degree black belt may not be allowed to advance to fourth-degree until three years have passed. For more information View Dan 단 ( Black Belt Degree) »
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hyeong", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.